HTTP 性能测试工具

推荐两个用来测试 HTTP 应用性能的工具:

ab

安装方法

Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install apache2-utils

Mac

brew insatll apache

使用方法

总共10000个请求,并发100个

ab -n 10000 -c 100 http://127.0.0.1:8000/

并发100个请求,持续30秒

ab -t 30 -c 100 http://127.0.0.1:8000/

详细的命令使用信息可以参考文档

测试完的输出结果是这样的:

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Server Software: TornadoServer/4.3
Server Hostname: 127.0.0.1
Server Port: 8001
Document Path: /resource
Document Length: 3 bytes
Concurrency Level: 100
Time taken for tests: 31.115 seconds
Complete requests: 16337
Failed requests: 0
Total transferred: 3300074 bytes
HTML transferred: 49011 bytes
Requests per second: 525.06 [#/sec] (mean)
Time per request: 190.456 [ms] (mean)
Time per request: 1.905 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Transfer rate: 103.58 [Kbytes/sec] received
Connection Times (ms)
min mean[+/-sd] median max
Connect: 0 0 1.5 0 180
Processing: 1 109 24.9 108 290
Waiting: 1 109 24.9 108 290
Total: 1 109 24.9 108 291
Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
50% 108
66% 110
75% 112
80% 114
90% 120
95% 133
98% 181
99% 254
100% 291 (longest request)

wrk

安装方法

Ubuntu

请查看官方的安装方法文档

Mac

brew insatll wrk

使用方法

使用12个线程,并发100个请求,持续30秒

wrk -t12 -c100 -d30s http://127.0.0.1:8000/

测试完的输出结果是这样的:

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Running 30s test @ http://127.0.0.1:8080/remote
12 threads and 100 connections
Thread Stats Avg Stdev Max +/- Stdev
Latency 243.55ms 31.89ms 468.30ms 92.22%
Req/Sec 33.33 17.53 70.00 67.50%
11796 requests in 30.08s, 2.19MB read
Requests/sec: 392.15
Transfer/sec: 74.68KB